Search Results for 'theory'


Group: Behavioral Economics
Economics, like behavioral psychology, is a science of behavior. The value of economic concepts for behavioral psychology rests on their empirical validity when tested in the laboratory with individual subjects and their uniqueness when compared to establ…
Resource: How to Get More People Involved in Behavior-Based Saf…
Behavior-based safety (BBS) is an effective approach to preventing occupational injuries, and its healthful influence on work cultures is spreading worldwide. However, BBS only reaches its remarkable potential when everyone in an industrial complex und…
Resource: Behavioral Contingency Analysis by Francis Mechner, P…
Behavior is a complex subject matter involving multiple functions that change over time, and as a result its own symbolic language is helpful for describing change. Francis Mechner's Behavioral Contingency Analysis provides this language. It describes all…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 43, 1-37 (2015). ANTIDUALISM…
ABSTRACT: Radical behaviorism (RB) is antidualistic and antimentalistic. Antidualism is the rejection of ontological dualism, the partition of reality into physical and nonphysical. Antimentalism is the rejection of the ontological theses that mind is ca…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 42, 37-64 (2014). ARE NEUROR…
ABSTRACT: Are the available conceptual foundations, the statistical techniques, and the empirical data of cognitive neuroscience sufficiently robust to serve as foundations for an overarching neuroreductionist explanation of the mind-brain relationship? T…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 41, 11-32 (2013). NON-HUMEAN…
ABSTRACT: Behavior analysis exemplifies a highly peculiar type of explanation in which behavior is said to arise from past interactions with the environment rather than from internal mental states. Radical behaviorism has been advanced as a philosophy of …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 41, 70-75 (2013). WHY I AM N…
ABSTRACT: Watson set the initial parameters for a science of behavior. The experimental analysis of behavior as developed by Skinner still has much work to do before claiming to be the science of behavior. The cultural environment has been shaping the be…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 1-16 (2011). A BEHAVI…
ABSTRACT: In Feelings: The Perception of Self, Laird deftly synthesizes decades of research supporting the self-perception theory of emotion and feeling, providing an account of these phenomenon that is compatible with radical behaviorism. Beginning with …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 69-81 (2011). THE BRO…
The transparency of qualia to introspection has been given as reason for favoring a representationalist view of phenomenal character. Qualia realists, notably Block (1996, 2000), A.D. Smith (2008), and Kind (2003, 2008), have denied that qualia are transp…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 345-353 (2011/2012). …
Chemero, Anthony. (2009). Radical embodied cognitive science. Cambridge, MA: A Bradford Book, MIT Press. Students of psychology are taught to regard the Representational Theory of Mind as a relatively new invention, attached to the rise of modern compute…
Resource: ABAI Theory & Philosophy Conference 2012
Theory & Philosophy Conference. November 2-4, 2012. Association for Behavior Analysis International.
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 61-81 (2010). REPLY TO C…
Six of the seven commentaries expressed basic agreement with our characterization of dispositioning as a typically unacknowledged, pervasive, and often problematic explanatory practice. One of these (Glenn) situated our own interpretive activity within th…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 103-111 (2010). RESPONSE…
I thank Donahoe for a thoughtful and thorough review that fairly describes the book’s core arguments. Donahoe's criticisms and comments provide an opportunity to amplify on some of our key arguments in ways that I hope will contribute to a fuller unders…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 127-133 (2009). PRAGMATI…
I am in agreement with Field and Hineline's excellent essay (2008) concerning the limitations of cause-effect explanation and the derivative problems with person-centered accounts of human action. However, their account is simultaneously limited by its co…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 141-147 (2009). BEYOND …
Field and Hineline (2008) develop a full-scale account of the conditions under which speakers in our culture-in the vernacular as well as in the more technical parlance of psychological theory-explain behavior by appealing to contiguous events or, in thei…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 165-180 (2009). NATURALI…
In an earlier essay in this journal, the estimable John Staddon charges B. F. Skinner and E. O. Wilson with committing several fallacies while promoting evolutionary ethics. The present essay replies that what Staddon regards as fallacies are signal contr…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 149-183, (2007). THE THE…
This paper is a conceptual analysis of the theory debate in psychology, as carried out by cognitivists and radical behaviorists.
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 34, 59-70 (2006). ARE CURREN…
Two radically different families of theory currently compete for acceptance among theorists of human consciousness. The majority of theorists believe that the human brain somehow causes consciousness, but a significant minority holds that how the brain …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 33, 17-40 (2005). THE REFLEX…
The Reflexive Theory of Perception (RTP) claims that perception of an object or property X by an organism Z consists in Z being caused by X to acquire some disposition D toward X itself. This broadly behavioral perceptual theory explains perceptual int…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 33, 41-54 (2005). WHAT MULLE…
Johannes Muller's law of specific nerve energies (LOSNE) states that the mind has access not to objects in the world but only to our nerves. This law implies that the contents of the mind have no qualities in common with environmental objects but serve …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 33, 101-131 (2005). PAUL E.M…
Paul E. Meehl and B. F. Skinner, two of the foremost psychological theorists of the 20th century, overlapped at the University of Minnesota in the early 1940s when Skinner was a faculty member and Meehl was a graduate student. Though Skinner was well a…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 5-12 (2004). BEHAVIORISM…
The evolution of behaviorism from its explicit beginning with John B. Watson's declaration in 1913 to the behaviorisms of the present is considered briefly. Contributions of behaviorism to scientific psychology then and now are critically assessed, arr…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 125-147 (2004). MINDING …
There is a conflict of interest in behaviorism between diction and content, between clean speech and effective speech, between what we say and what we know. This article gives a framework for speech that is both clean and effective, that respects graded…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 149-166 (2004). CAUSAL T…
On a causal theory of rational behavior, behavior is just a causal consequence of the reasons an actor has. One of the difficulties with this theory has been the possibility of the "wayward causal chains," according to which reasons can cause the expec…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 401-426 (2004). DOES MEA…
A common method of making a theory more understandable is to compare it to another theory that has been better developed. Radical interpretation is a theory that attempts to explain how communication has meaning. Radical interpretation is treated as an…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 427-451 (2004). REVAMPIN…
Philosophical interest in intentional action has flourished in recent decades. Typically, action theorists propose necessary and sufficient conditions for a movement's being an action, conditions derived from a conceptual analysis of folk psychological …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 493-502 (2004). THE EVOL…
Much research in the field of emotions has shown that people differ in the cues that they use to perceive their own emotions. People who are more responsive to personal cues (personal cuers) make use of cues arising from their own bodies and behavior; …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 503-524 (2004). INFERENT…
A central tenet of cognitivism is that knowing how is to be explained in terms of tacitly knowing that a theory is true. By critically examining canonical anti-behaviorist arguments and contemporary appeals to tacit knowledge, I have devised a more expl…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 31, 19-45 (2003). LAUDABLE G…
An assessment of Relational Frame Theory (RFT) is benefited by a distinction among goals, experiments, and theorizing/philosophizing. The goals are laudable, but not new. The experiments are interesting, but they largely involve an expansion of the con…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 31, 47-61 (2003). WHAT COLOR…
Leigland eloquently and accurately distinguished methodological and radical behaviorism. Baum represents the molar radical behaviorism that has developed over the past four decades while Galbicka carries on the struggle of the old molecular view, a vie…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 31, 111-126 (2003). WHAT IS …
With S.S. Stevens, operationism became an important influence in psychology. In this paper I discuss the differences between Bridgman's and Stevens' proposals on operationism and the role that operational definitions play in scientific theory. I discus…
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