Search Results for 'explanation'


Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 101-111, (2007). INTENTI…
This commentary discusses critically the proposal of Foxall's intentional behaviorism that, when the use of intentional categories can be justifiably portrayed as heuristic overlay to theories incorporating radical behaviorist principles, intentionality…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 113-130, (2007). COMMENT…
Professor Foxall suggests the radical behaviorist language of contingencies is fine as far as it goes, and is quite suitable for matters of prediction and control. However, he argues that radical behaviorist language is extensional, and that it is neces…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 139-148 (2007). BEHAVIOR…
Foxall's intentional behaviorism is supposed to provide explanation and understanding where radical behaviorism provides only prediction and control. Foxall does identify empirical and conceptual issues with the operant reinforcement framework, but he …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 34, 89-107 (2006). CLASSIC E…
I analyze the theoretical tenets of early ethology and the criticisms leveled against it from comparative psychology. Early ethology had a clear research object, the study of behavioral adaptedness. Adaptedness was explained by the functional rules and …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 33, 1-16 (2005). THE FUNCTIO…
This paper deals with the functions of intentional explanations of actions (IEAs), i.e., explanations that refer to intentional states (beliefs, desires, etc.) of the agent. IEAs can have different formats. We consider these different formats to be inst…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 167-177 (2004). PSYCHOLO…
Causal explanations of behavior must distinguish two kinds of cause. There are (what I call) triggering causes, the events or conditions that come before the effect and are followed regularly by the effect, and (what I call) structuring causes, events t…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 293-303 (2004). THE PERI…
Despite its diminished importance amongst philosophers, the deductivenomological framework is still important to contemporary behavioral scientists. Behavioral theorists operating within this framework must be careful to distinguish between nesting and…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 453-464 (2004). REDESCRI…
In its quest to become more scientific, many have held that social science should more closely emulate the methodology of natural science. This has proven difficult and has led some to assert the impossibility of a science of human behavior. I maintain,…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 493-502 (2004). THE EVOL…
Much research in the field of emotions has shown that people differ in the cues that they use to perceive their own emotions. People who are more responsive to personal cues (personal cuers) make use of cues arising from their own bodies and behavior; …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 31, 181-192 (2003). THE WHAT…
Putative distinctions between explanation and description constitute a very old issue in the sciences. Behavior analysts commonly call their science "descriptive" as opposed to "explanatory." One obvious difficulty here is to achieve any agreement on th…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 30, 43-59 (2002). DISPOSITIO…
If dispositions are conceived as properties of systems that refer to possible causal relations, dispositions can be used in singular causal explanations. By means of these dispositional explanations, we can explain behavior B of a system x by (i) referr…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 26, 45-61 (1998). INTENTIONA…
History has shown, and continues to show, that ordinary language is not enough when faced with such goals, tasks, and contexts. What has been necessary is the development of a different way of interacting with the phenomena of interest, and the differe…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 25 (2), 137-159, (1997). PSY…
A broad conception of behavior makes considerable headway toward an account of psychological explanation that preserves the intuitive correctness of belief/desire (folk) psychological explanations and whose explanatory utility is not undercut by neuroph…
Item: Don't Shoot the Dog! Revised Edition
Don't Shoot the Dog! By Karen PryorKaren Pryor's clear and entertaining explanation of behavioral training methods made Don't Shoot the Dog! A bestselling classic. Now this revised edition presents more of her insights into animal-and human-behavior. A gr…
Item: Radical Behaviorism:The Philosophy and the Science
Radical Behaviorism: The Philosophy and the Science By Mecca ChiesaTo a greater extent than any other behavioral formulation, Radical Behaviorism has abandoned mechanistic explanation. Like Darwin, B.F. Skinner adopted selection as a causal mode. He appl…
Item: College Keys: Getting In,Doing Well,Avoiding the 4 Big Mi…
College Keys: Getting In, Doing Well, Avoiding the 4 Big Mistakes by Roger W. McIntire College Keys provides an insider's tips for the whole college process - from choosing a college to the application and interview process, to making the grades and st…
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