Search Results for 'Skinner'


Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 34, 19-37 (2006). B. F. SKIN…
B. F. Skinner's The Behavior of Organisms (1938/1966) and Walden Two (1948) are both positivistic. Skinner explicitly stated his approach was positivistic in The Behavior of Organisms although he did not make an explicit statement about Walden Two. Thr…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 33, 101-131 (2005). PAUL E.M…
Paul E. Meehl and B. F. Skinner, two of the foremost psychological theorists of the 20th century, overlapped at the University of Minnesota in the early 1940s when Skinner was a faculty member and Meehl was a graduate student. Though Skinner was well a…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 13-35 (2004). ON THE CON…
In the early twentieth century psychology became the study of "behavior." This article reviews developments within animal psychology, functional psychology, and American society and culture that help explain how a term rarely used in the first years of …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 125-147 (2004). MINDING …
There is a conflict of interest in behaviorism between diction and content, between clean speech and effective speech, between what we say and what we know. This article gives a framework for speech that is both clean and effective, that respects graded…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 231-242 (2004). SCIENTIF…
E.O. Wilson and B.F. Skinner have argued for an evolutionary ethics that allows what ought to be to be derived from what is-ethics from science. Evolution is inherently unpredictable, however, and some practices whose benefits cannot be proved might ne…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 305-312 (2004). PRAGMATI…
The purpose of this commentary is to discuss briefly a few points arising from Malone's (2001) interesting paper, "Ontology Recapitulates Philology: Willard Quine, Pragmatism, and Radical Behaviorism." Malone's paper serves both as a tribute to Quine a…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 313-315 (2004). PRAGMATI…
Leigland notes that the relation between radical behaviorism and pragmatism is complex and cites Richard Rorty as an exemplar of pragmatism. But Rorty promotes a bizarre version of pragmatism, not to be associated with radical behaviorism or with pragm…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 317-347 (2004). ON THE O…
Most psychology begins with a distinction between organism and environment, where the two are implicitly (and sometimes explicitly) conceptualized as flipsides of a skin-severed space. This paper examines that conceptualization. Dewey and Bentley's (19…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 31, 47-61 (2003). WHAT COLOR…
Leigland eloquently and accurately distinguished methodological and radical behaviorism. Baum represents the molar radical behaviorism that has developed over the past four decades while Galbicka carries on the struggle of the old molecular view, a vie…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 31, 63-80 (2003). EFFECTIVEN…
In this article we examine some of the relations between behavior analysis and the pragmatic philosophy of William James. We point out that the adoption of effectiveness as a truth criterion is common to both systems, which warrants a closer examinatio…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 31, 81-110 (2003). SPECIFYIN…
Psychologists sometimes discuss the need to refine clear designations of the observable units comprising their subject matter. This paper links such discussions to (a) Dewey and Bentley's (1949) account of specification as relatively accurate unitdesign…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 31, 111-126 (2003). WHAT IS …
With S.S. Stevens, operationism became an important influence in psychology. In this paper I discuss the differences between Bridgman's and Stevens' proposals on operationism and the role that operational definitions play in scientific theory. I discus…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 31, 181-192 (2003). THE WHAT…
Putative distinctions between explanation and description constitute a very old issue in the sciences. Behavior analysts commonly call their science "descriptive" as opposed to "explanatory." One obvious difficulty here is to achieve any agreement on th…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 29, 27-29 (2001). ABOUT PERS…
Rules are prescriptions, and prescriptions as in the case of instructions, are not related to the problem of reference. Even more, instructions and other kinds of prescriptions correspond to what Skinner labels as mands and not tacts, which ultimately …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 29, 31-57 (2001). RADICAL BE…
Radical behaviorism is fundamentally different from traditional psychology, so it is not surprising that it has been widely misunderstood. It offers an alternative to the traditional treatments of mind that avoids some of the insoluble problems raised b…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 29, 59-60 (2001). STEPPING U…
It is our position that a functional-analytic account of the specifying or referential properties of verbal stimuli, including rules and instructions, is perhaps the most crucial aspect of this extension of Skinner
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 29, 121-153 (2001). THE MODE…
Although culturally prominent modernist influences account for much of Skinner's early behaviorism, the subsequent changes in his views are appropriately considered as postmodern and are indebted to other sources. These changes are strikingly apparent …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 27, 1-17 (1999). SKINNER
Affinities have been noted between radical behaviorism and phenomenology, hermeneutics, and poststructuralism, but this paper claims the most promising one has been neglected. Skinner
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 26, 29-43 (1998). SARTRE, SK…
An exploration of where a comparison of Sartre and Skinner takes us in attempts to better understand the relationship between the two solitudes or disciplines of psychology: humanistic and scientific psychology.
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 25 (2), 95-119, (1997). SKIN…
Skinner has been criticized for advancing essentialist interpretations of meaning in which meaning is treated as the property of a word or a grammatical form. Such a practice is consistent with a
Item: Radical Behaviorism:The Philosophy and the Science
Radical Behaviorism: The Philosophy and the Science By Mecca ChiesaTo a greater extent than any other behavioral formulation, Radical Behaviorism has abandoned mechanistic explanation. Like Darwin, B.F. Skinner adopted selection as a causal mode. He appl…
Item: The Technology of Teaching REVISITED:A Reader's Companion…
The Technology of Teaching REVISITED: A Reader's Companion to B.F. Skinner's Book By Beatrice H. BarrettSkinner desperately wanted his science to be applied to improve instruction methods. Yet he wrote his only book on education not for educators but for …
Item: At My Own Pace: The Autobiography of Fred S. Keller
At My Own Pace: The Autobiography of Fred S. Keller Edited by Jon S. Bailey, Mary R. Burch, A. Charles Catania, and Jack Michael At My Own Pace, the compelling, delightful, but also educational autobiography of Fred S. Keller, is a vital book for anyon…
Item: Sale - 50% reduction!A New Learning Environment
A New Learning Environmentby Harold L. Cohen & James Filipczak From the Foreword:A New Learning Environment describes a different kind of social environment in a training school. It reports an experiment in 'contingency management' under which student…
Item: Teaching Language to Children with Autism and other Devel…
Teaching Language to Children with Autism and other Developmental Disabilities by by Mark L. Sundberg & James W. Partington Most children with autism or other developmental disabilities experience severe language delays or disorders. Teaching langu…
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