Search Results for 'EI'


Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 93-100 (2007). FUZZY LOG…
Foxall introduces mental constructs into his modified behaviorism. His goals are praiseworthy, as a reconciliation of public behavior with private dialog-one that improves on contemporary extensions of behaviorism-must be achieved if our epistemology is…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 101-111, (2007). INTENTI…
This commentary discusses critically the proposal of Foxall's intentional behaviorism that, when the use of intentional categories can be justifiably portrayed as heuristic overlay to theories incorporating radical behaviorist principles, intentionality…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 131-138 (2007). A BEHAVI…
According to Foxall (2007), simple acts may best be explained in terms of behavior of the organism as a whole, but complex behavioral patterns, usually described by mental terms, can only be explained by neurocognitive psychology, in which the mind is …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 139-148 (2007). BEHAVIOR…
Foxall's intentional behaviorism is supposed to provide explanation and understanding where radical behaviorism provides only prediction and control. Foxall does identify empirical and conceptual issues with the operant reinforcement framework, but he …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 34, 1-17 (2006). NATURE, NUR…
Determining the degree to which persistent human behaviors and traits are the result of genetics or environment is important for a host of theoretical reasons in psychology. This article asks whether the results of such determinations are relevant to th…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 34, 71-87 (2006). OF WHAT VA…
The book Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience (2003) is an engaging criticism of cognitive neuroscience from the perspective of a Wittgensteinian philosophy of ordinary language. The authors' main claim is that assertions like "the brain sees" and …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 34, 89-107 (2006). CLASSIC E…
I analyze the theoretical tenets of early ethology and the criticisms leveled against it from comparative psychology. Early ethology had a clear research object, the study of behavioral adaptedness. Adaptedness was explained by the functional rules and …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 34, 109-121 (2006). HUMAN BE…
Language has been traditionally considered as a special psychological or behavioral phenomenon, with a logical status similar to other phenomena such as learning, memory, and thinking. Based on Wittgenstein's notion of language game, I argue that langu…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 33, vii-ix (2005). EDITORIAL…
An important role of the philosophy of science is to invite scientists to analyze their tacit networks. In the process, ambiguity may be exposed, missing steps in arguments identified, and unwarranted assumptions revealed. Attempts to solve these probl…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 33, 1-16 (2005). THE FUNCTIO…
This paper deals with the functions of intentional explanations of actions (IEAs), i.e., explanations that refer to intentional states (beliefs, desires, etc.) of the agent. IEAs can have different formats. We consider these different formats to be inst…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 33, 17-40 (2005). THE REFLEX…
The Reflexive Theory of Perception (RTP) claims that perception of an object or property X by an organism Z consists in Z being caused by X to acquire some disposition D toward X itself. This broadly behavioral perceptual theory explains perceptual int…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 33, 41-54 (2005). WHAT MULLE…
Johannes Muller's law of specific nerve energies (LOSNE) states that the mind has access not to objects in the world but only to our nerves. This law implies that the contents of the mind have no qualities in common with environmental objects but serve …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 69-95 (2004). REALISM AB…
Behavior analysis emphasizes the study of overt animal (human and nonhuman) behavior as a subject matter in its own right. This paper provides a metaphysical foundation for such an emphasis via an elucidation of a thesis that I generically call "realis…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 97-123 (2004). CONSCIOU…
Brain-centered theories of consciousness seem to face insuperable difficulties. While some philosophers now doubt that the hard problem of consciousness will ever be solved, others call for radically new approaches to conscious experience. In this arti…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 125-147 (2004). MINDING …
There is a conflict of interest in behaviorism between diction and content, between clean speech and effective speech, between what we say and what we know. This article gives a framework for speech that is both clean and effective, that respects graded…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 179-195 (2004). FROM DAR…
Modern cognitive psychology presents itself as the revolutionary alternative to behaviorism, yet there are blatant continuities between modern cognitivism and the mechanistic kind of behaviorism that cognitivists have in mind, such as their commitment …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 273-291 (2004). BERTRAND…
Although numerous aspects of Bertrand Russell's philosophical views have been discussed, his views about the nature of the mind and the place of psychology within modern science have received less attention. In particular, there has been little discussi…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 305-312 (2004). PRAGMATI…
The purpose of this commentary is to discuss briefly a few points arising from Malone's (2001) interesting paper, "Ontology Recapitulates Philology: Willard Quine, Pragmatism, and Radical Behaviorism." Malone's paper serves both as a tribute to Quine a…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 313-315 (2004). PRAGMATI…
Leigland notes that the relation between radical behaviorism and pragmatism is complex and cites Richard Rorty as an exemplar of pragmatism. But Rorty promotes a bizarre version of pragmatism, not to be associated with radical behaviorism or with pragm…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 427-451 (2004). REVAMPIN…
Philosophical interest in intentional action has flourished in recent decades. Typically, action theorists propose necessary and sufficient conditions for a movement's being an action, conditions derived from a conceptual analysis of folk psychological …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 479-491 (2004). HOW TO A…
In The Illusion of Conscious Will, Daniel Wegner (2002) argues that our commonsense belief that our conscious choices cause our voluntary actions is mistaken. Wegner cites experimental results that suggest that brain processes initiate our actions befo…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 493-502 (2004). THE EVOL…
Much research in the field of emotions has shown that people differ in the cues that they use to perceive their own emotions. People who are more responsive to personal cues (personal cuers) make use of cues arising from their own bodies and behavior; …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 31, 1-17 (2003). THE RELATIV…
Psychological interpretations of intelligence have varied considerably. Theoretical approaches have differed, among other things, with respect to the number, type, and level of abilities implied by the concept. Recent investigations have suggested, mor…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 31, 47-61 (2003). WHAT COLOR…
Leigland eloquently and accurately distinguished methodological and radical behaviorism. Baum represents the molar radical behaviorism that has developed over the past four decades while Galbicka carries on the struggle of the old molecular view, a vie…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 31, 63-80 (2003). EFFECTIVEN…
In this article we examine some of the relations between behavior analysis and the pragmatic philosophy of William James. We point out that the adoption of effectiveness as a truth criterion is common to both systems, which warrants a closer examinatio…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 31, 81-110 (2003). SPECIFYIN…
Psychologists sometimes discuss the need to refine clear designations of the observable units comprising their subject matter. This paper links such discussions to (a) Dewey and Bentley's (1949) account of specification as relatively accurate unitdesign…
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