Search Results for 'EI'


Event: 11th Annual Conference on Autism & Related Disorders: Re…
11th Annual West Coast Conference on Autism & Related Disorders: Research-Based Solutions Friday, April 27, 2018 Registration 7:30 am Presentations 8:30 am - 4:45 pm Sign out 4:45 pm  A one-day conference featuring leading experts in fields…
Page: About Us
The Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies is a nonprofit organization that harnesses the expertise of hundreds of behavioral scientists to solve problems in the home, school, community, and the workplace.  Mission The Cambridge Center is a charit…
Group: Aging
How people view aging usually depends upon their particular age. Adolescents often wish they were older, and young adults don't seem to mind turning thirty. But by the time people have reached forty, they have often begun the long search for ways to rever…
Group: Autism
Advice for Parents on Selecting Appropriate Treatments
Group: Clinical Therapy
Welcome to Clinical Behavior Analysis! You or persons close to you may be concerned about challenges encountered in daily life, such as relationships with loved ones or coworkers. Or you might suffer from a mental health condition, such as depression or …
Group: Behavioral Economics
Economics, like behavioral psychology, is a science of behavior. The value of economic concepts for behavioral psychology rests on their empirical validity when tested in the laboratory with individual subjects and their uniqueness when compared to establ…
Group: Neuroscience
From Skinner (e.g., 1938, 1974) on behavioral scientists have been interested in a unified, rigorous, scientific approach to the interplay between behavior and neurophysiology. The purpose of this section of the website is to present the work of behaviora…
Group: Safety
Welcome to the Behavioral Safety section of The Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies! PLEASE CLICK ON THE SERVICES TAB BELOW FOR INFORMATION ON ACCREDITATION OF SAFE WORK ENVIRONMENTS. Behavioral Safety is the application of behavior science to occup…
Group: Special Education
Welcome to the section on special education! The Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies is committed to helping those who are concerned about the current educational crisis by providing information about effective educational practices based on the scien…
Group: Cultural Practices
Welcome to the section on Cultural Practices. This new section of our website is dedicated to describing behavior analytic solutions to the global questions being addressed at a cultural level of analysis. A number of behavioral scientists have used the e…
Resource: Global Warming's Six Americas 2009: An Audience Segme…
This study was conducted by Yale Project on Climate Change and the George Mason University Center for Climate Change Communication. One of the first rules of effective communication is to "know thy audience." Climate change public communication and en…
Resource: CCBS Online Brochure
A downloadable PDF describing our organization, mission, programs and the people who volunteer their time and effort, our Board of Directors, Trustees and Advisors.
Resource: Animal Behavior - Reader's Forum
Animal Behavior - Reader's Forum: Sullivan, T. (unpublished paper). The Yin and Yang of Positive Reinforcement Training.
Resource: Animal Behavior - Reader's Forum
Animal Behavior - Reader's Forum: Fernandez, E. and Timberlake, W. (Powerpoint presentation). Fixed Time Food Schedules and their Effects on Activity Patterns in Two Adult Polar Bears.
Resource: Jesse the Talented Jack Russell - YouTube Video
A fun, inspiring video featuring positive reinforcement, Clicker Training and Jesse the Talented Jack Russell.
Resource: ABA Health, Sports & Fitness References
Recommended links to articles on Sports & Athletic Performance, Weight Loss & Management, and Smoking Cessation by Megan Coatley, M.A., BCBA
Resource: Counter Cultural Paths to Sustainability, Presentatio…
Lyle Grant's presentation at the Association for Behavior Analysis Convention held in May, 2012, Seattle, Washington. "Counter Cultural Paths to Sustainability" was part of a symposium entitled "Behavior Analysis for a Sustainable World." "I and many oth…
Resource: 4 Mindless Habits That Are Hurting Your Weight Loss G…
Megan Coatley, M.A., BCBA, teaches healthy behavioral life skills and shares her article from SPARK Behavior Solutions.
Resource: Ethics in Professional Practice Conference - Save the…
Join Drs. Thomas Zane and Michael Dorsey of the Institute for Behavioral Studies in welcoming the Cambridge Center to this beautiful campus. The one day conference featuring leaders in the fields of Psychology, Business, Autism and Applied Behavior Analy…
Resource: ETHICS in Professional Practice - Dr. Mary Jane Weiss…
"Applying the Guidelines in Context: Ethical decision making, ethical supervision, and ethical training" as presented on August 16, 2013.
Resource: In Memoriam of Donald Keith Pumroy: His Pioneering Wo…
The panel discussion presented at ABAI 2015 by W. Joseph Wyatt, Roger W. McIntire and Judy G. Blumenthal memorializing the contributions to behavior analysis of Donald Keith Pumroy, providing a timeline of the evolution of the field from the 1950s to the …
Resource: Is ABA Evidence-Based?
FAQs include: Is there scientific evidence that ABA works?; Haven't some reviews concluded that ABA doesn't work? What factors are important to consider in evaluating complex ABA interventions?; Are there studies on PECS?; Are randomized clinical trials …
Resource: Is Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) and Early Intensiv…
Is Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) and Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI) an Effective Treatment for Autism? Eric V. Larsson, Ph.D., LP, BCBA-D (2013) of The Lovaas Institute for Early Intervention Midwest Headquarters
Resource: Bibliography of Reviews of the Evidence for Applied B…
Bibliography of Reviews of the Evidence for Applied Behavior Analysis and Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention. Eric V. Larsson, Ph.D., LP, BCBA-D (2012) of The Lovaas Institute for Early Intervention Midwest Headquarters
Resource: Six Principles of Effective Early Intervention
Jay Birnbrauer writes about Excellent found in an article by Craig Ramey and Sharon Landesman Ramey. (Reference: Ramey, C. T. and Landesman Ramey, S. (1998). Early intervention and early experience. American Psychologist, 53, 109-120.) These authors were …
Resource: EIBI Saves Up to $2,500,000
Cost-benefit Estimates for Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention for Young Children with Autism by John W. Jacobson, James A. Mulick, and Gina Green
Resource: Talking with Kids: The Early Years
Even before your child can talk to you, what, how often, and how much you say to your child can have a profound impact on their language and learning abilities later. Researchers at the University of Kansas have found that the number and quality of the wo…
Resource: What Are You Eating?
Three-part series: What causes the terrible twos and the terrible teens? What causes bad behavior? I receive many letters from parents who know part of the answer.
Resource: Gambling and dopamine
Editorial appearing in Behavior Analysis Digest, Vol. 18, No. 1, (Spring 2006). Article discusses previous findings attributing compulsive gambling behavior to dopamine production in the brain while gaming. Study had failed to address reinforcement mainta…
Resource: Helping with School Skills
This article focuses on the importance of school and how to keep your children motivated and successful.Adults looking back on their childhood realize that school success was a critical ingredient of day-to-day happiness. If you can help your child/teen i…
Resource: Raising Good Kids in Tough Times: The School Morning …
Ask your average parents to name their most difficult time of day, and if they have schoolage children, they will vote overwhelmingly for the morning rush.
Resource: Rewards, Punishments, or Threats?
This article discusses the positive results of focusing on rewarding good behavior rather than punishing bad behavior. we may encourage good behavior now and then, but bad behavior usually gets most of the attention
Resource: Raising Good Kids in Tough Times: Thumb and Finger Ex…
This article stresses the importance of excersize to promote a healthy lifestyle for children of all ages. What do childhood depressions, suicides, and overweight problems have in common? They have all tripled in the last three decades, and they are all …
Resource: Raising Good Kids in Tough Times: Give a Nice Day
Correcting rather than punishing bad behavior. Physical punishments or even the less severe ones such as being sent to your room, can be subtle but they provide little information to the child. The punishment says what was wrong but nothing about what is…
Resource: Getting Along at School
This article relates to creating relationships at school. All grade school newcomers face these adjustments to being on their own. They develop new ways to fit in, get their measure of attention, and deal with a new school, new friends and sometimes new e…
Resource: The Gender Differences
First in a series about avoiding childhood disasters. From toddlers to teens, boys are different. They are five times more likely to have accidents with bikes, sticks and baseball bats.In short, many boys are in trouble in our culture - partly because of…
Resource: Excessive TV Time
Last week's Journal reported studies that show excessive TV time for children may affect their brains. I think most parents already suspected that. The studies also showed that the overstimulated little TV addicts had an increased likelihood of attention…
Tags: parenting, TV
Resource: Raising Good Kids in Tough Times: All You Can Eat
Editors Note: Second in a series about family routines and childrens health. On the whole, American Moms watch the diet of their babies carefully. But once the children have a say, the diet deteriorates because there are many conspiracies to lure your ch…
Resource: Raising Good Kids in Tough Times: Early Bites of Pare…
Child abuse often starts with a history of expecting too much from a child. Parent abuse usually begins with expecting too little. Some parents, committed to doing anything to help their child, will bear any burden. But overindulging is not loving; it jus…
Tags: parenting, abuse
Resource: Demands of a New Baby
This articles focuses on the importance of sharing the responsibilities of a new baby. Most of us believe that both parents should be dedicated to caring for their children. But other adults - aunts, uncles, grandparents, and friends - can easily forget …
Resource: Applied Behavior Analysis and us: One parent's reflec…
Transcription of an address delivered at the 1999 Annual Board Meeting of the Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies. The address was delivered by a parent of two children diagnosed with autism. Her address was intended to reinforce the valuable work pe…
Resource: Education That Works: The Child is Always Right
What would happen if we assumed the student is always right? That it's the teaching not the students that needs revision? For thirty years, an unheralded group of ''behavior analysts'' have been doing just that! Their research has demonstrated that all s…
Resource: "Parental Activisim" - Segment 1 of a historic seri…
John Jacobson, Ph.D. was a tireless advocate for the ABA approach to autism treatment, and we are proud to say he was a member of the Cambridge Center's Autism Advisory Group. He recorded a series of short video clips for the University of Massachusetts M…
Resource: Where are the Robots?
Ever wonder about all the hype concerning behavioral procedures being mechanical, Paul Chance puts these to rest in this short, informative article.
Resource: OBM Panel Discussion Introduction by Jerry Pounds
ABA's 2003 conference offered two panel discussions designed to entertain and educate students and practitioners alike. The eight panelists, each with an average of 25 years of field experience, presented the active history of OBM from its beginnings in t…
Resource: Project Follow Through by Cathy L. Watkins
Project Follow Through: A Case Study of Contingencies Influencing Instructional Practices of the Educational Establishment. ABSTRACT: Project Follow Through, originally conceived in 1967 as a social action program to extend Head Start into the primary gr…
Resource: Bringing Skinner Home
Learn about this important work of art being brought back to the Center.
Resource: Precision Teaching and Direct Instruction: Measurably…
This article provides overviews of Precision Teaching and Direct Instruction, discusses their origins and research backgrounds, cites effectiveness data, and describes how they can complement one another when used together. It provides sufficient referenc…
Resource: Reinforcement learning and conditioning: an overview
Computer simulations represent an important test of the explanatory power of quantitative models of behavior. Jeremie Jozefowiez presents an investigation into computer models of conditioning, both operant and respondent, that underlie both animal and hum…
Resource: The Long Good-Bye: Why B. F. Skinner’s Verbal Behav…
The year 2007 marked the 50th anniversary of the publication of B. F. Skinner's Verbal Behavior, a book that by Skinner's own account was his most important. The received view, however, is that a devastating review by a young linguist not only rendered Sk…
Resource: Learning to use the Language of Emotions. (2010). Bon…
B.F. Skinner provided an important guide to the analysis of language in his book, Verbal Behavior. In this book, he stresses the critical value to focusing on the function of various aspects of communication. His analysis includes a very interesting secti…
Resource: Live It! Four-Legged Family Members by Chelsea Whilhi…
As originally published in the Behavior Analysis Digest International, graduate student Chelsea Wilhite writes about how one behavior analyst, Hayley Heitzig, retrained her lab from visual to verbal commands due to his fading vision.
Resource: Training Tips from the 1950's by Dr. Mary Burch
Dr. Burch provides a glimpse into her past while sharing Rudd Weatherwax's positive reinforcement training tips before they were popular.
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 43, 62-84 (2015). MENTALISTI…
ABSTRACT: In this paper we analyze autism as a hypothetical construct and explain how an Autism Spectrum Disorder diagnosis functions to derail scientific investigations of autistic behavior. To support this argument, we employ a series of behavioral p…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 42, 27-36 (2014). THE SCIENT…
ABSTRACT: In Against Moral Responsibility, the rejection of moral responsibility is based on appeal to basic beliefs about fairness (beliefs that are widely shared and naturally explicable, but not subject to rational or scientific confirmation). However,…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 41, 1-10 (2013). WE ARE ALL …
ABSTRACT: Methodological and radical behaviorisms have been contrasted not only with respect to their consideration, or lack thereof, of private psychological events, but also with respect to their criteria for scientificity. Skinner (1945), in particula…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 41, 60-69 (2013). CULTURAL C…
ABSTRACT: This article discusses experimental studies on cultural selection as well as some of their findings on the function of programmed events as cultural consequences. I argue first, that the experimental preparations developed in this context have b…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 17-43 (2011/2012). A …
At present there is no explanation for the mind/brain relationship; it is hard to conceive mentalistic explanations in terms of mechanistic explanations, where mechanistic explanations refer to explanations common in the sciences such as neurophysiologica…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 69-81 (2011). THE BRO…
The transparency of qualia to introspection has been given as reason for favoring a representationalist view of phenomenal character. Qualia realists, notably Block (1996, 2000), A.D. Smith (2008), and Kind (2003, 2008), have denied that qualia are transp…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 303-307 (2011/2012). …
ABSTRACT: This commentary on the development of CyberRat points out that 1) CyberRat is an excellent educational alternative to a live rat in cases where instruction of basic operant conditioning principles cannot be carried out with live animals due to a…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 1-29 (2010). IS NEUROSCI…
The widespread use of brain imaging techniques encourages conceiving of neuroscience as the forthcoming "mindscience". Perhaps surprisingly for many, this conclusion is still largely unwarranted. The present paper surveys various shortcomings of neuroscie…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 31-48 (2010). MORALITY:…
Half a century ago, Elizabeth Anscombe reminded us that we of the West think of morality as a kind of law-viz., a moral law. As originally conceived, this law consisted of heavenly commands delivered to a favored clan and known only by the privileged few …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 49-59 (2010). IS JUSTIFI…
Edmund Gettier (1963) argued against defining knowledge as justified true belief. Using two examples, he demonstrated that (a) believing a proposition to be true, (b) having justification for that belief, and (c) the proposition in fact being true, do not…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 61-81 (2010). REPLY TO C…
Six of the seven commentaries expressed basic agreement with our characterization of dispositioning as a typically unacknowledged, pervasive, and often problematic explanatory practice. One of these (Glenn) situated our own interpretive activity within th…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 83-101 (2010). MAN AS MA…
Some years ago I was pleased to attend a colloquium at my university presented by the first author, the psychologist Randy Gallistel. After describing some behavioral studies with rats, he concluded that the animals had counted their responses. Following …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 113-115 (2010). PREFACE …
The European Journal of Behavior Analysis and Behavior and Philosophy are pleased to jointly recognize the contributions of Dr. Murray Sidman to the discipline of behavior analysis. From 1976 to 1981, the journal then titled Behaviorism, now Behavior and…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 121-123 (2010). REMARKS.…
I have often wondered if others share my conviction that errorless learning proves the learning process to be all-or-none rather than continuous. Perhaps everybody already knows this, or perhaps it is obviously wrong. Either alternative would explain why …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 125-127 (2010). REMARKS.…
I occasionally announce to students that the first obligation of any good behaviorist is to conform to the laws of behavior. After all, if behaviorists flouted the laws of behavior why should anyone else obey them, and where would our Science be then? The…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 129-132 (2010). REMARKS.…
To the extent that behavior is governed by reinforcement contingencies, we may agree with B.F. Skinner that operant behavior is essentially the field of purpose. I should like to take another step and suggest that behavior under stimulus control is essent…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 133-136 (2010). REMARKS.…
I suggested last time that cognition and stimulus control are essentially the same field, that the analytic units appropriate to a science of knowing should be the same units with which we analyze relations between behavior and its controlling environment…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 137-139 (2010). REMARKS.…
I am always somewhat disconcerted when colleagues, telling me about their research, describe the experimental design before acquainting me with the problem the experiment is addressing. They seem not to recognize that an experimental design is empty until…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 145-148 (2010). MURRAY S…
I have always thought of Sidman's classic text, known affectionately as Tactics (1960), as primarily a philosophy of science text. I was surprised to learn that Sidman himself did not see it as particularly relevant to the philosophy of science (Sidman 20…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 161-163 (2010). STIMULUS…
You are at a dinner table with unknown people, and you say to the person sitting across from you "Pass the salt, please"; with no hesitation the person passes the salt, and you say ―Thank you.‖ You come with your dog to a street corner and say "sit"; …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 39-57 (2009). OVERCOMIN…
Radical behaviorism is distinguished from other varieties of behaviorism in part by its willingness to include private events among its subjects of analysis. This paper reviews the public-private dichotomy as described by Skinner, and concludes that this …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 59-85 (2009). AGAINST PA…
This paper is a rejection of parsimonious behaviorism (PB). PB was proposed by Stemmer (2003) to avoid certain problems with radical behaviorism's (RB) appeal to covert behavior to account for mental phenomena. According to Stemmer, covert behavior was no…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 87-104 (2009). INTENTIO…
Discrepancies between animal and human responding on standard schedules of reinforcement have been explained by reference to the human capacity for language and consequent formulation of self-instructions. As a result, schedule responding has been causall…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 105-117 (2009). PRIVATE …
What are "private events" and what is their significance? The term is B. F. Skinner's, but the idea is much older. Before J. B. Watson challenged their methods and their metaphysics, virtually all psychologists assumed that the only way to discover a pers…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 119-125 (2009). WHY DIS…
This commentary discusses the major claims and arguments presented by Field and Hineline (2008) against the general use of dispositional causal explanations in science and psychology and in favor of an alternative account that applies to cases in which ca…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 127-133 (2009). PRAGMATI…
I am in agreement with Field and Hineline's excellent essay (2008) concerning the limitations of cause-effect explanation and the derivative problems with person-centered accounts of human action. However, their account is simultaneously limited by its co…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 135-140 (2009). DISPOSIT…
Field and Hineline use the term dispositioning to refer to the tendency to privilege spatially and temporally local entities in psychological explanation. In our commentary we offer reasons for agreeing with their claim that dispositioning is overly preva…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 141-147 (2009). BEYOND …
Field and Hineline (2008) develop a full-scale account of the conditions under which speakers in our culture-in the vernacular as well as in the more technical parlance of psychological theory-explain behavior by appealing to contiguous events or, in thei…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 157-163 (2009). "BEHAVI…
Behavior analysis ironically appears to be increasingly at risk for abandoning its historic focus of moment-to-moment behaving, to other disciplines ranging from robotics and the "man-machine interface" to cognitive science where behaving is called "actio…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 187-194 (2009). VALUES: …
In his spirited "Faith and Goodness" (this issue), John Staddon says that my defense of B. F. Skinner's definition of the good-as what has the potential to reinforce desire for it-overlooks the fact that people sometimes desire the wrong things. Staddon a…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 36, 1-4 (2008). PETER HARZEM…
Peter was a wonderful human being who showed us through his intelligence, scholarship, wit, and honesty that psychology has a long way to go. All of us will miss him in this journey.
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 36, 5-69 (2008). DISPOSITION…
"Now" is privileged in most psychological theories, which portray their processes as proceeding from moment-to-moment. As in any science, this adherence to contiguous causation hinders an account of phenomena that involve remote events or temporally ex…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 36, 87-96 (2008). THE CONCEP…
The history of psychology has seen recurrent controversies on the circularity of reinforcement explanations, and behavior analysts disagree among themselves as to whether the concept of operant reinforcement is explanatory or descriptive. Some behavior …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 57-60, (2007).COMMENTARY…
Foxall's incorrect claims about behavior analysis (2007) arise from a failure to understand the stance of behavior analysis. Behavior analysis is the science of behavior; it is about behavior and not about organisms. It views behavioral events as natura…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 93-100 (2007). FUZZY LOG…
Foxall introduces mental constructs into his modified behaviorism. His goals are praiseworthy, as a reconciliation of public behavior with private dialog-one that improves on contemporary extensions of behaviorism-must be achieved if our epistemology is…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 101-111, (2007). INTENTI…
This commentary discusses critically the proposal of Foxall's intentional behaviorism that, when the use of intentional categories can be justifiably portrayed as heuristic overlay to theories incorporating radical behaviorist principles, intentionality…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 131-138 (2007). A BEHAVI…
According to Foxall (2007), simple acts may best be explained in terms of behavior of the organism as a whole, but complex behavioral patterns, usually described by mental terms, can only be explained by neurocognitive psychology, in which the mind is …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 139-148 (2007). BEHAVIOR…
Foxall's intentional behaviorism is supposed to provide explanation and understanding where radical behaviorism provides only prediction and control. Foxall does identify empirical and conceptual issues with the operant reinforcement framework, but he …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 34, 1-17 (2006). NATURE, NUR…
Determining the degree to which persistent human behaviors and traits are the result of genetics or environment is important for a host of theoretical reasons in psychology. This article asks whether the results of such determinations are relevant to th…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 34, 71-87 (2006). OF WHAT VA…
The book Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience (2003) is an engaging criticism of cognitive neuroscience from the perspective of a Wittgensteinian philosophy of ordinary language. The authors' main claim is that assertions like "the brain sees" and …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 34, 89-107 (2006). CLASSIC E…
I analyze the theoretical tenets of early ethology and the criticisms leveled against it from comparative psychology. Early ethology had a clear research object, the study of behavioral adaptedness. Adaptedness was explained by the functional rules and …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 34, 109-121 (2006). HUMAN BE…
Language has been traditionally considered as a special psychological or behavioral phenomenon, with a logical status similar to other phenomena such as learning, memory, and thinking. Based on Wittgenstein's notion of language game, I argue that langu…
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