Basic Research

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The basic research section offers resources related primarily to experiments relevant to the behavior of individuals. Related methodological and theoretical resources are also provided in this section.

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Behavior and Philosophy Behavioral Technology Today Other
Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 303-307 (2011/2012). COMMENTARY ON CYBERRAT. Iver H. Iversen.
ABSTRACT: This commentary on the development of CyberRat points out that 1) CyberRat is an excellent educational alternative to a live rat in cases where instruction of basic operant conditioning principles cannot be carried out with live animals due to a lack of laboratory facilities, 2) CyberRat simulates a live rat very nicely as long as one expects no more than demonstrations of basic operant behavior principles (i.e., CyberRat is not suited for research into operant behavior), 3) neither a Kantorian interbehavioral analysis nor a Skinnerian functional analysis is sufficient for CyberRat to work, yet a combination of both types of analysis is in fact necessary for CyberRat to emit an adequate and realistic flow of operant behavior interceded by other (non-reinforced) behavior, 4) CyberRat has developed to the point where it certainly provides a near perfect illusion of being a single animal that quite realistically demonstrates basic operant conditioning phenomena embedded in a flow of natural behaviors.
Tags: CyberRat, Kantor, Skinner, behavioral interdependence, computer simulation, operant behavior, Iver H. Iversen
Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 309-313 (2011/2012). HOW CLOSE TO REAL CAN A NON-REAL CYBERRAT BEHAVE? Brady Phelps.
ABSTRACT: The extent to which a virtual "CyberRat" is a valid stand-in for a live, behaving rat is addressed in terms of various versions of a Turing test. The CyberRat program, for the most part, is a valid substitute for a living, behaving subject as a means of learning operant principles of behavior change, if no actual behaving animal can be used. The arguments for the CyberRat's means of modeling behavior change through the philosophy of interbehaviorism and interbehavioral systems analysis are evaluated relative to the positions of Skinner
Tags: CyberRat, behavior analysis, Interbehavioral Systems Analysis, Turing Test, Brady Phelps
Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 315-319 (2011/2012). DESCRIPTIVE VERSUS FUNCTIONAL ACCOUNTS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL EVENTS: CYBERRAT AS A CASE IN POINT. Matthew Lewon, Maria I. Munoz Blanco, and Linda J. Hayes.
ABSTRACT: While the CyberRat simulation described by Ray (2011/2012) has considerable value as an educational tool, its value also lies in the validation of the descriptive interbehavioral systems analysis (IBSA) approach upon which it was developed. The descriptive IBSA approach differs in important ways from the predominantly functional approach typically adopted by researchers in the experimental analysis of behavior (TEAB), and while TEAB has been successful in identifying many important environment
Tags: descriptive analysis, functional analysis, experimental analysis of behavior, simulations, Matthew Lewon, Maria I. Munoz Blanco, and Linda J. Hayes
ABSTRACT: Invited reviewer comments by Iverson (2011/2012), by Lewon, Munoz Blanco, and Hayes (2011/2012), and by Phelps (2011/2012) are reflected upon within the context of my own perceptions of selective strengths and weaknesses of my
Tags: Interbehavioral Systems Analysis, CyberRat, Turing Test, behavior analysis, functional analysis, operations analysis, time series analysis
Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 331-343 (2011/2012). METAPHOR AND TRUTH: A REVIEW OF REPRESENTATION RECONSIDERED BY W. M. RAMSEY. Fran
ABSTRACT: William M. Ramsey
Tags: representation, computation, cognition, metaphor, truth, Fran
Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 345-353 (2011/2012). THE HOPE OF A RADICALLY EMBODIED SCIENCE. Alan Costall.
Chemero, Anthony. (2009). Radical embodied cognitive science. Cambridge, MA: A Bradford Book, MIT Press. Students of psychology are taught to regard the Representational Theory of Mind as a relatively new invention, attached to the rise of modern computer technologies. Yet, as Jerry Fodor-for once-rightly pointed out,
Tags: Radically Embodied Science, Anthony Chemero, Alan Costall
Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 355-356 (2011/2012). REPLY TO PROFESSOR COSTALL. Anthony Chemero.
A reply to the review of "Radical Embodied Cognitive Science" by Alan Costall.
Tags: Costall, Radical Embodied Cognitive Science, Turvey, Shaw, Anthony Chemero
Behavior and Philosophy, Current Volume, 38, vii-viii (2010). EDITOR'S FOREWORD, Jay Moore.
Tags: Behavior and Philosophy, Journals, B&P
Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 31-48 (2010). MORALITY: WHAT IN THE WORLD IS IT?, Max Hocutt.
Half a century ago, Elizabeth Anscombe reminded us that we of the West think of morality as a kind of law-viz., a moral law. As originally conceived, this law consisted of heavenly commands delivered to a favored clan and known only by the privileged few who could read sacred scripture. However, the history of philosophy has been largely a tale of attempts to show that a law-like morality is binding on all men everywhere and known, like the truths of arithmetic and logic, by an exercise of a priori reason. Yet, morality as everywhere practiced is neither divine commands nor universal principles of thought. Instead, it is variable customs worked out by the members of diverse groups to help them get along with each other while they serve their biologically based needs. These customs are taught using rewards and punishment, they are revealed by observing behavior, and they are evaluated by measuring how they contribute to group welfare and individual flourishing. It follows that if we want to understand our mo
Tags: Behavior and Philosophy, morality, moral intuition, moral law, custom, reason, law, utility, Aquinas, Kant, Plato
Behavior and Philosophy, 37, vii-viii (2009). EDITOR'S PREFACE

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