Cultural Practices


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Welcome to the section on Cultural Practices. This new section of our website is dedicated to describing behavior analytic solutions to the global questions being addressed at a cultural level of analysis. A number of behavioral scientists have used the explanatory power of meta-contingencies. Others have focused on the idea thaShow More

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Behavior and Philosophy, 30, 21-42 (2002). THE RACE CONCEPT: A DEFENSE, Michael Levin.
It is argued against critics that the concept of race is well-formed. The issue is formulated in terms of the classic sense/reference distinction and shown that "race" has a sense specified in terms of geographic ancestry, and thereby a reference. Excessive constraints on "race," for instance that races must by definition have signature genes, are rejected. Empirical validation is considered, although the emphasis here is to place empirical validation in a philosophical context, not answer the empirical questions themselves. At several junctures the familiar divisions of the races are compared to the stellar luminosity types of astronomy, which are still serviceable although representing an earlier state of astrophysical knowledge.
Behavior and Philosophy, 27, 165-172 (1999). THE RATIONALE FOR RACIAL PREFERENCE: A REVIEW OF MICHAEL LEVIN, WHY RACE MATTERS: RACE DIFFERENCES AND WHAT THEY MEAN (Praeger, Westport, CT, 1997), Max Hocutt Ph.D.
Although Levin does a good job of summarizing and explaining the empirical evidence, he adds no studies of his own. His contribution is to address two philosophical objections

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