Special Education


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Welcome to the section on special education! The Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies is committed to helping those who are concerned about the current educational crisis by providing information about effective educational practices based on the scientific analysis of behavior. These practicesShow More

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PDF CCBS Online Brochure
A downloadable PDF describing our organization, mission, programs and the people who volunteer their time and effort, our Board of Directors, Trustees and Advisors.


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Tags: brochure, trustees, advisors, Board of Directors, About Us, Who's Who, Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies brochure
PDF Recommended Reading & Viewing about Direct Instruction
Links to a downloadable PDF book and video about Direct instruction.
Introductory Study

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Tags: Direct Instruction, Special Education
PDF Consumer Guidelines for Identifying, Selecting, and Evaluating Behavior Analysts Working with Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders
The Autism Special Interest Group (SIG) of the Association for Behavior Analysis International asserts that all children and adults with autism spectrum disorders have the right to effective education and treatment based on the best available scientific evidence. Unfortunately, many interventions for autism have not been shown to be effective in sound research; others have been shown to be ineffective or harmful. 1 Research has long documented the effectiveness of applied behavior analysis (ABA) methods in the education and treatment of people with autism. 2 Although it is beyond the scope of these guidelines, the autism SIG urges consumers to inquire about scientific support for all autism treatments.
Introductory Study

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Tags: behavior analysis, ABAI, Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies, applied behavior analysis, consumer guidelines
PDF Education That Works: The Child is Always Right
What would happen if we assumed the student is always right? That it's the teaching not the students that needs revision? For thirty years, an unheralded group of ''behavior analysts'' have been doing just that! Their research has demonstrated that all students (''special ed,'' low IQ, disadvantaged, non-English speaking, many problem behavior students, most ''slow learners'' and many ''Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder'' (ADHD) children) can learn at roughly the same rate, though they begin and end at different levels. The following article explores the current teaching system and how effective methods of teaching can be applied to improve the education system.
Introductory Study

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Tags: education, behavioral, behavior
PDF Functional Assessment
This paper considers the following topics: I. What is functional assessment? II. What are the goals of functional assessment? III. What are the possible causes of problem behavior? IV. What are the three ways in which functional assessment can be conducted? V. How is treatment tied to the results of a functional assessment?
Advanced Study

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Tags: behavior, autism, functional assessment, behavior analysis
PDF Helping with School Skills
This article focuses on the importance of school and how to keep your children motivated and successful.Adults looking back on their childhood realize that school success was a critical ingredient of day-to-day happiness. If you can help your child/teen in this important part of his or her life, what a gift it is! School is such a large part of a teen's life that if it isn't going well, it clouds almost all other activities.
Introductory Study

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Tags: parenting, school, education
PDF Management Styles in the Classroom
Nice, short overview of classroom management by Glenn Latham
Introductory Study

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Tags: classroom management, behavior, behavior analysis, education, special education
PDF Perception, Expectancy, and Belief: Barriers to Measurement and Standards of Evidence. (2010). Twyman, Janet. Conference Presentation.
Applications of behavior science have resulted in tremendous gains across a range of human endeavors, especially with children with special needs. A quality education program is derived from a thorough understanding of behavior analysis, stresses individualization of student curriculum, and is continually evaluated and redesigned based upon learner performance. Effective teaching practices are derived from a science of behavior, with teachers continually measuring and evaluating progress towards successful educational outcomes. Critical components include observing, recording, and examining student behavior; a crucial tool is measurement. Reporting from observation alone renders the information subject to errors due to perceptual or memory constructions, misjudgments, or fallacies from expectancy and belief. This presentation will illustrate some of the bias inherent in observation alone, and will describe simple methods of measurement that engender objectivity, corroboration, promote standards of evidence.
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PDF Project Follow Through by Cathy L. Watkins
Project Follow Through: A Case Study of Contingencies Influencing Instructional Practices of the Educational Establishment. ABSTRACT: Project Follow Through, originally conceived in 1967 as a social action program to extend Head Start into the primary grades, became an educational experiment aimed at finding effective methods for educating disadvantaged children. Follow Through, in effect, created a national learning laboratory, providing a unique opportunity to study the effectiveness of a variety of educational methods. The results indicated that the Direct Instruction model and, to a lesser degree, the Behavior Analysis model provided viable solutions to the problem of teaching disadvantaged children. Yet, the results of the Follow Through evaluation have been virtually ignored by the educational establishment. This paper presents a case history of Project Follow Through and examines the factors that have led the educational establishment to ignore teaching methods that are effective in raising the academ
Introductory Study

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Tags: Project Follow Through, Cathy L. Watkins, Education
PDF Raising Good Kids in Tough Times: Don't Miss Graduation
This article discusses the importance of attending a child's graduation. Whether you are the parent or just one of the extended family, you should go. Not so that years later they will remember you attended, as you remember who attended yours, but to provide the encouragement a child needs for the next step.
Introductory Study

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Tags: parenting, graduation, schools

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