Philosophy/History


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The philosophy and history section is devoted to the philosophical, historical, metaphysical, and methodological foundations of the study of behavior, brain, and mind. Here you will find articles from our flagship journal Behavior and Philosophy, as well as critical or historical reviews, videos Show More

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PDF CCBS Online Brochure
A downloadable PDF describing our organization, mission, programs and the people who volunteer their time and effort, our Board of Directors, Trustees and Advisors.


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Tags: brochure, trustees, advisors, Board of Directors, About Us, Who's Who, Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies brochure
PDF Hefferline Notes
A joint venture among the Center, the B.F. Skinner Foundation, and David Palmer leads to the publication of a .pdf document of the Hefferline Notes, Ralph Hefferline's notes on Skinner's lectures on verbal behavior at Columbia University in the summer of 1947. David Palmer created the searchable document and Edward Anderson funded the project.
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Tags: behavior, behavior analysis, language, verbal behavior
PDF Verbal Behavior: William James Lectures
By agreement among the Center, the B.F. Skinner Foundation, and David Palmer, The William James Lectures are published as a .pdf document. These lectures were given by Skinner in 1948 at Harvard University as a precursor to Verbal Behavior (1957). The searchable document was created by David Palmer and funding was provided by Edward Anderson.
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Tags: behavior, behavior analysis, language, verbal behavior
PDF The Inclusion of Cultures and Cultures of Inclusion by Charlotte Mandell
The Inclusion of Cultures and Cultures of Inclusion Charlotte Mandell, Ph.D. Department of Psychology University of Massachusetts Lowell Lowell, MA
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Tags: cultural analysis, behavior, behavior analysis of cultures, inclusion
PDF A Behavior Analytic Paradigm for Adaptive Autonomous Agents
Behavior Analysis, the scientific study of animal and human behavior and learning, provides a strong conceptual framework for intelligent computer systems known as adaptive autonomous agents. The Seventh Generation Technology system, described in this paper, is an autonomous adaptive agent with cognition based on the behavior analytic paradigm.
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PDF Behavioral Contingency Analysis by Francis Mechner, Ph.D.
Behavior is a complex subject matter involving multiple functions that change over time, and as a result its own symbolic language is helpful for describing change. Francis Mechner's Behavioral Contingency Analysis provides this language. It describes all kinds of situations, from teaching to theory of mind to deception. And it does so in the best of behavioral/selectionist traditions, by analyzing complexity in terms of simple components.
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Tags: behavior, behavior analysis, Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies, notation systems, contingency analysis
PDF Behavioural Interpretation of Cognition
It is not commonly appreciated that the behaviorist distinguishes the interpretation of behavior from the experimental analysis of behavior. Only the latter enterprise requires that variables be public, measurable, and reliable; the interpretation of behavior serves a different purpose and is differently constrained.
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Tags: interpretation, experimentation
PDF Chomsky's Formal Analysis of Natural Languages: A Behavioral Translation
The controversy between cognitive and behavioral accounts is in part simply a matter of speaking of the same things in different ways. But sometimes also, as when we fall to distinguish between structural and functional problems, controversies arise because we mistakenly speak of different things as if they were the same.
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Tags: structure versus function, verbal behavior, language
PDF Computer Modeling of Verbal Behavior
The Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies has had a long interest in language simulation, as the original sponsor of an annual competition characterized as the "first instantiation of the Turing Test." Ken Stephens provides a review of conversant systems, including those that won that competition, and discusses how the power of the techniques used to win has steadily increased. This is put in perspective of a paradigm shift within computational linguistics that has brought powerful empirical techniques to bear.
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Tags: computer models, language simulation, verbal behavior
PDF On Chomsky's Review of Skinner's Verbal Behavior
Skinner's book, Verbal Behavior, was published in 1957. Chomsky's review of it appeared in 1959. Chomsky's review was, to put it mildly, displeased. It was also a virtuoso performance whose echoes reverbered throughout psychology. This article provided the first response to criticisms presented by Chomsky, 10 years following his initial review.
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Tags: Chomsky, verbal behavior, language

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